Before you start teaching, my first observation to several different classes. Before you begin to observe my class, I observed another class. The first impression I got was amazing. Previously, I have never had a class with students whom I met in this class. class with a small number of students and students who have a troublemaker, and with discipline and enthusiasm for learning is very less.

At the time of observation in my classroom, students in my class did not have too many problems. Perhaps because the class was a science class. However, they are less motivated to learn. When teachers teach, many do not pay attention, they are busy doing other work. Since then I started thinking, what should I do to improve their motivation.

I teach beginning, I used the method of guided discovery learning. It turns out that method did not work to attract their attention. It makes them do not enjoy the learning process. Finished grade, I met a master teacher and master teacher told me that the students in my class do not like things that long-winded. Those familiar with the formula quickly.

Finally I kept thinking to do anything in class. I chose to use a math game. Hopefully the next learning more fun … .. 🙂

# Monthly Archives: October 2011

## Reflection week 4

## Reflection in school experiences 1

“Critical reading skill”

I could not go to school, SMA Yasporbi, to do observation on the first day, so I could not prepare what method should I used to face the students in the class. But it was never minds, because as I teacher candidate we should have “critical reading skill”, the skill I mean is the skill how to read the situation and we can make a conclusion to response that situation.

The condition of the class where I taught is very disappointed for some of my friends who taught in there too, because students in that school had low motivation to study math. Most of my friend’s plan was not running well. Some of them used a “sad face” after they had taught.

I tried to find the problem by asking some question to master teacher about the students who study there. I asked about their characteristic, achievement, economic background, etc. I found the problem that the students could not focus to the lesson and they had low motivation to study. Then I tried to find what method, I should used, to face them. My first plan was I taught to use worksheet, but after I thought deeply, I change my method to be an active learning by using peer discussion and Q&A.

Well the result, most of the students got involve to the lesson, even though there were 2 until 4 students still in same condition. But I think that method was good enough to engage students in that school to learn and also good for increase the motivation of the student.

I concluded that the problem on the school where I taught in school experiences program was not because they were stupid, and also not because they were naughty, but because they had low motivation to study and they did not find teacher like what they wanted.

So active learning was only one part of method, but the main points were how we can increase their motivation and how we can be the teacher like what they like. My last sentence is “you must be well in read the condition”. Because teaching is more than just theory.

Riyan Fajri

2009110030

## Motivating Students

Motivating students is a challenge all teachers face. Every classroom consists of a wide array of students and each of them brings different student learning styles, different interests, and different life experiences. That is what makes each classroom unique and special. There are several ways that teachers can tap into the individual learning styles and interests of students, thus making learning more fun and meaningful at the same time. One excellent way to start is by having strong classroom management skills; you can refine your natural talents in this area by following the tips found in Take Back That Class*.*

Here are some teaching ideas about how to motivate students:

**Expectations.** Teachers should set reasonable objectives for every lesson that allow their students to progress in the classroom. Expect students to achieve the objectives and they will. Studies show that students achieve at higher rates when their teachers have high expectations for them.

**Uplifting.** Keep the atmosphere in the classroom positive and uplifting. A cheerful and motivating environment will fuel the students’ intrinsic need to succeed in their endeavors.

**Praise. **Positive reinforcement is a tried and true method of teaching students new material. Make sure to let the students know that they have done a good job. For example, you can give rewards or stickers for high-test scores.

**Variation. **Because everyone learns differently, you will need to vary the means by which students earn rewards. Look at all aspects of the classroom when you are creating ways to reward the students. This includes test scores, daily lessons, and even student behavior.

**Success.** Motivate students by showing them that they can be successful in the classroom. Teachers can differentiate instruction to meet the students’ needs by adjusting the corresponding class work to the appropriate levels. Class work can be modified in a variety of ways: shortened assignments, extra response time or enrichment activities.

**Relevance.** Show students how what they are learning matters in real life. This is one of the most effective motivation techniques, especially for older students, as it lends meaning and purpose to their hard work. Guide students to discuss the new material, and allow students to draw on their own experiences to enrich and comprehend the new material.

**Engaging Questions.** Lead in with questions that will get the students talking. Encourage students to discuss the topic by bringing what they know about the topic to the classroom discussion. Clarify any questions that arise by encouraging the students to talk to each other first and expand on their pre-existing knowledge.

**Problem Solving. **Teaching students how to overcome challenges is another important factor in keeping them motivated. If they have the skills to navigate the problems they encounter they will achieve more. One way to do so is to encourage the pupils to ask questions when they are unclear on new material.

**Teamwork.** This is one of the most important factors in motivating students. When they work together to succeed at a common goal it will help them to bond and work well together in the future. Having this cohesion in the classroom will boost productivity amongst the students and make for a more positive teaching environment.

**Incorporate different learning styles.** Use a variety of teaching strategies in the classroom to facilitate the lesson. Classroom discussions consist of whole group learning. Cooperative group learning allows students to work together on assignments in small groups. Direct instruction allows teachers to model lesson assignments first so students can work independently at their desks.

**Rewards and Privileges.** Rewards and privileges are great motivational tools for hard work. Teachers can use a variety of them to motivate student participation. Examples of privileges or rewards are as follows:

- Lunch with the teacher allows students to come back to the classroom and eat lunch with the teacher.
- Extra center time allows students to have a few more minutes at a computer lab.
- Pizza parties or snacks can be offered as incentives.
- A token-based economy is a great reward system that lets students earn points or “tokens” that can be cashed in for prizes, such as pencils or notepads.

Motivating students with the rewards listed above is particularly effective for younger students.

**Removing Barriers to Learning.** Another means of motivating students is to remove the roadblocks that keep them from learning. Even with the proper motivation, a pupil faced with a barrier they don’t have the learning tools to overcome will not succeed and will lose motivation due to that lack of success. Spend some classroom time removing educational obstacles so the student can learn and grow. The following barriers to learning are factors that affect motivation.

**Communication.**Students and teachers need to communicate their needs with each other. Having open lines of communication with your students will make a large difference when trying to motivate them to do their work.**Safe Environment.**Your students will learn best in a classroom that is free of debris. Keep the room tidy, with the help of your students! Requiring them to clean their own area of the classroom will also help them feel as though they are contributing to the group.**Accommodations.**Some students will have limitations. Once these have been communicated you will want to work around the issue. Making small changes to help the students learn will keep them motivated. For example, some pupils may need left-handed scissors in the classroom in order to complete their work.**Seating.**Plan the seating arrangements so that all the students have the same ability to retain new material. Some pupils learn best when they are at the front of the classroom instead of the back where they get easily distracted. Ensure that students are seated for optimal learning.**Rules.**Clear rules give students a safe, dependable system in which to work. Have the class rules posted in a conspicuous place. Go over the rules with the students at the beginning of the year. Then make sure that they are posted where the pupils can glance at them any time.

There are lots of ways to motivate students. Most importantly teachers can show students that they can be great learners. By addressing the various needs of the students inside each classroom, students’ achievement levels will increase and so will their positive motivation.

Source: Motivating Students: Teaching Strategies for Student Learning by Marlese Durand

**Summary:**

Every student is unique. They have different learning style, learning needs, and different motivation trough learning process in the school. This uniqueness create complex circumstance that require teacher to approaches students individually, in order to make learning take place.

From those three factors that influence students learning perfomance, motivation factor is the most influenced factor. Motivation to learn will give more spirit to face difficulties in learning process. Motivated students will tends to persevere and resist to solve problems that appear in learning process.

Then, what kind of motivation strategy that teachers need in the class? Here some alternatives that teachers could use in their class.

**Praise**

Positive reinforcement is one of common way to increase students motivation. However, in some circumstances positive reinforcement, such as giving reward in form of things, could lead students motivation to get the reward not to learn. In order to avoid this disadvantage, reward or praise that teacher could use is more tends to non-things reward, such as applause, verbal praise, extra marks, etc.

**Teamwork**

Using teamwork in class could create belonging feeling to the class. This feeling could increase students motivation in the learning process. this could be happened because the students feel that she/he is part of the class and trust feeling to their friends.

**Success**

Teacher usually use this strategy in the difficult topic. By designing material delivering and problem level, from low to hard, teacher could plant confidentiality to all of students that they are able and capable to solve every problem that they face in the learning process.

Those are some examples of strategy that teachers could apply in their classroom in order to motivate their students. Actually, there are more strategies that exist there. You also could share your opinion or strategy that you have been applied in your classroom.

Titiah Dewi Masitoh

Evik Dwi Priagung

Novani Lieadi

Huda Marofiq

## My last but my first

This week is very sad to me, because i must to say good bye with my students. But actually i said *“we will see in the sometime”*, this school very exciting to me, because i can apply and improved the lesson from my college. And here dreams come true. Here the story of my school experiences.

In the October 17, if apply new my Classroom Action Research. It’s about reward. I want to prove that reward can increase the student’s motivation in mathematics. For do this research i buy a real reward that is a trophy as a medal in classroom tournament. This Tournament actually only a simple games, that consist of battle two big groups in the class. We will see how the champion groups eliminate member by member in that champion group.

When i start the class, i bring a trophy to the class i can see how my students in the class was so exciting about my lesson today. The first sentence that i said to all my students is *“we will play a games of mathematics in quadratic function”* an di heard all my students said horeeeeee!!!!!!

Before i start this game i doing reviews first to my student to know that the condition was ready. And I’m start the games i using fast and right question, the fastest group that can answer this question with correctly he will be going the champion. And the tournament starts!Both of the team, red and blue was very serious to answers my question faster.

But that is any trouble because the school inconsistent to make schedule, they push the bell in 12.00 actually the bell must be in 12.35, and I’m so very disappointed about that, But no problem my class still happy, fun and effective.

In the next meeting and also my last meeting my class so very very sad because it’s mean our tournament must be done and i must go back to my college. But i must professional, i doing my tournament fun and happy and i found some interesting in this session. I know that i found a student with high appreciated of mathematics, she cry when she cannot answer the question faster than the other friends and it’s make me so sad and happy because i feel mathematics was success to bring my class growing up with good motivation to be the best one.

Hmmmm, but the end was so dramatic. I give them a problem solving asa final test. But no one can answer my questions. I was given so many clue but they still cannot answer my question. So as my appreciation of this class i give this trophy as a class medal because i feel and think all of member this class is a champion.

I have special notice from this class, i never feel that this class not arrogant and can cooperative with nice, and i think this class can be develop very fast if they meet the right teacher hehe.

## Learning by Doing

Like I already told before, the second meeting when I teaching experience, will I told in this reflection. Yeah in this meeting I am not really nervous like the first time. Based on the first meeting I try to conduct not really full activity, I just focus to achieve my goal. So, there is no game. Hmm,, even I try to make the activity not really full, there are only explanation time, group discussion, and quiz. But there is always need more time, because when I planning to do explanation in 20 minute, but I need 30 minute. Also at the beginning to start the class, actually need 10 minute to make my student ready and stay in their chair.

In the second meeting I try to apply STAD (Student Tim Achievement Division) method. Student will categorize as a fast and slow learner in sequence. After that I make a group that consists of fast learner and slow learner. I acknowledge the student about the rule of the group. Student should discuss and share knowledge in their group effectively, because the individual quiz result will be add with another member of group and the get the average group result. So the final result will be the average group result. That’s way the student should learn in group effectively and also share knowledge. The fastest learner student will be responsible to share knowledge to the slow learner and also slow learner should learn from their friend in group to contribute in giving the best average result. I consider this method will help student to learn effectively in group and motivated to get the best result. Yeah, I can get more experience about school condition and try to make it better.

After this section, I try to interview some student about this method. From the interview I conclude that this method effective to increase student motivation But some student still unhappy with this method. Actually they are the fastest learner student. That student feels this method will be loss their quiz result. They told me that grouping method is good for them to learn and share knowledge, but it is to risk for them because they afraid if some student who get a high result will be decrease when another member get the low result.

Actually the biggest problem in social class at Labschool is about increasing student motivation, because student social mindset is “anak buangan”. Social student feel castaway when they cannot enter the science class. My master teacher told me that the best way to increase student motivation in social class is giving praise. The mathematics teacher should be careful to give problem solving question to them, because if the student can’t answer the question the will under estimate to their ability. That’s way the teacher should make the question serially from the drill one until the problem one.

Teaching experience and conduct CAR (classroom action research) is really useful for me as a teacher candidate. I can practice my knowledge that I already learn and show the reality in the field. I can become more familiar with school condition and the problem in there.

## Reflection of School Experience 2

This reflection is about the second week of teaching experience. it was the last week of our school experience. Actually, I did school experience at SMA Y and I got more experiences to study many things in the school, such as the characteristics of students, teachers and school environment.

The first was about school environment, I thought that the school was very unique. I know that the facility is adequate and comfortable in teaching-learning process. There are wi-fi, audiovisual room, lab-bahasa,and Fingerprint Machine that used by all students and teachers to fill the attendance (the first time I saw that). Unfortunately, based on my observation, there was a power outage (pemadaman listrik) in one day of the week (at 11.30). Then, teaching-learning process was stopped. Because the situation (AC and lamp did not turn on) were not conducive for teaching-learning process. Students also asked me to stop teaching because of that. This is the uniqueness for me. It become their culture if a power outage happen, then all students will go home although it is before 14.30.

The second is about the teachers, we know that the teachers have an important role in teaching-learning process. Teacher also is a model for students. Their appearance is important but it has not too flashy to get students’ attention. Teacher have to give a good example as an educator. Teacher is not only transfer their knowledge and experience but also teacher give motivate/support students in order to be better. It is very different with my experience in the school because there were some teachers who did not realize their role.

The third about students. In this class, students were diverse and I tried to manage all of them. I also tried to call the students’ names to know them and to get their attention. There were students who enthusiastic in participating of learning activities such as asking question, and follow the learning actively. Actually, There were also troublemakers in my class but I tried to handle because I wanted them to follow my learning activities. One of my way was asking them to do something for helping me. Hehe.. 🙂

On Wednesday, I had math class in X.4 Grade but as you have read above, there was a power outage. Suddenly, my class was not conducive to learn because of the power outage. I tried to stay at my class but in fact students did not want to learn until the school announced to repatriate students. So, I continued my teaching in the next day.

On Thursday, my master teacher asked me to pursue my material to the next topic in a meeting. It was about the formulas of math, my master teacher asked me to give the formulas directly, he said that students did not need the concept of its formulas, so I had to give the formulas directly and gave the examples. I thought that I was a teacher candidate, I don’t want my students were given formulas like that. Unfortunately, This was a command from my master teacher and I had to follow his rule. If I was allowed to teach the students step by step, I did not have enough time to teach them. Hufh….

Titiah Dewi Masitoh

2009110024

## teaching experience week 2

This is the second reflection about teaching experience in week 2. It was great and fun because I met them 2 times. I really miss them and to be addicted to teach. They gave me spirit to show my best in teaching.

In the first meeting, I was observed all of them and tried to know them. I designed the activity for my class before I teach them. I learned from first meeting, when I divided class into some group randomly by the activity, it made groups not balanced. So, in the second meeting I tried to divide group based on student’s ability. Ya, because in this teaching experience I also doing my CAR (classroom action research), I tried to use one of method to my class. My CAR is about “cooperative learning group increase student’s motivation in doing mathematics problem”. And the problem of my class is my students are individual. Therefore, I still used grouping based on student’s ability and used reward for groups. First, I gave them exercise that should be solved in groups and every question has different point, so they more motivated to collaborate with their groups to solve the problem. I saw they actively discuss about the question even though there are students in group don’t want give contribution. So, I tell them to give assessment to each member about their contribution. So they tried to actively in group and discuss about it. Surprisingly, when one a group finished they asked additional question so that they got more point, and was followed by another groups.

In the third meeting, I recall them about previous meeting, I’m happy because my student really understand about the material that I gave them. In the third meeting I still used grouping, I gave more motivation to them in group. I tried to monitor each group when solved problem. I encourage some students that passive in groups. And I realized when the teacher closed to students, they respect to their teacher.

in the second week, I learn about how gave feedback influence students motivation. Like I did, when I gave them feedback in their work. They happy when read it, and also want to improve their work.

Wow, teaching experience in this semester was great. I learn more from it.

Triana afriani

2009110010