Author Archives: Shinta Puspita

About Shinta Puspita

A technopreneur, technology enthusiast, cat lover

Teacher = Motivator

I was not attending MMSEL class on last Thursday. So, I am going to make a reflection based on PowerPoint from last session and my friends’ explanation. On the last week session, Mrs.Lydia explains about instructional variables which are promoting students’ motivation at the class. Those are four parts of instructional variables, there are introductory focus, personalization, involvement and feedback.

Introductory focus is an opening session of the lesson which is attracts the students to pay attention to the lesson. There are four ways to giving of providing an introductory focus, there are: giving problems & questions (such as: Problem Based Learning or Project Based Learning), Inductive sequences, concrete examples, and objective & rationales.

Personalization is about how the teacher tries to make connection with students live and the material given. It can be through examples those relate with students’ daily life. On mathematics, teacher can use Contextual Teaching Learning (CTL) method to make relation between mathematics topic and examples from students’ daily life.

Teacher can use four strategies for promoting students’ involvement, there are using improvement drill, giving games, let student doing individual work spaces, and ask students to do group work.

Feedback is needed by students to increase students’ self-efficacy and their interest in learning. On the other words, teacher needs to give feedback to students in order to increase students’ intrinsic motivation to learn.

When I asked some of my friends, they said the main point of last session is a teacher is a motivator. I think that is true. Because a teacher should help students to be motivated when learning and make students interested to the subject. Teacher has big role at the class, because when a teacher stand up in front of the class, it means that she / he have obligation to deliver the materials, engage students’ understanding about the materials and make students to feel enjoy and be motivated while learning. I hope I can be a motivator teacher. 🙂


Shinta Puspita Kencanasari


1 Comment

Posted by on December 13, 2011 in Reflection week 12


For students’ sake of safe and easiness… :)

On the 11th week of MMSEL class, we were learning about class climate. Mrs. Lydia asked us to draw a picture about motivating class climate on 15 minutes. After we draw the picture, Mrs. Lydia asked us to do a gallery walk. There were 10 students on each turn to be speaker. Each student who becomes the speaker must explain the meaning of their own pictures of class climate. There was various kind of class climate which is motivated students to learn. Although there was various kind of class climate, I found the similarities between them, such as: clean, unlimited access to search learning sources, and interactive wall to attach students’ work. Some of the picture also showing good relations between students to students and students to teacher, such as: students support and help each other to learn, students want to discuss with their friends, friendly teacher, etc. So, there were so much characteristics of motivating class climate. Should I manage my class to have the characteristics later? I hope yes!

After that, Mrs. Lydia shared a piece of puzzles to each of us. We had to find our friend which has same puzzles then we have to find a phrase from the connected puzzles. The class was divided into four groups based on the phrase on the puzzles, there are: Order and Safety, Success-Self Efficacy, Challenge, and Task Comprehension. I was on first group, order and safety. Each group must present a role play to show the meaning of the phrase they have got. So, my group and I present the class situation which is shown what is order and safety on the classroom.

My group showed how the teacher manages the class in order to make the students feel safe and did not afraid to stay in the class. Teacher has a big role to prevent physical or emotional bullying from the students and the teacher it and make a safe condition for students to learn at class.

Task Comprehension

Evik’s group was showing a role play about task comprehension. I saw that a teacher should consider students’ ability to do the task. So, teacher sometimes need to give self-autonomy for the students to determine what kind of task they want to do. Teacher also needs to make an agreement with the students about the task for “students’ sake of easiness” when they do their task.

I hope my reflection can help you to remember both of order & safety and task comprehension materials. Thanks to Mrs. Lydia and Evik’s group which has taught me to understand this material. 🙂

Shinta Puspita K


1 Comment

Posted by on December 6, 2011 in Reflection week 11


Class Structure, Self-Regulation & Teacher Characteristics… We need to know it!!

The session on 10th week was exciting. There were several activities and interesting for me. The session was begun with Brain Gym. We were asked to stand up with Mrs. Lydia, and then we do some move to make our body more relax. It was suitable to make me fresher and not sleepy during the session.

The lesson was started by writing. My friends and I were divided into group A, B and C. I was on Group A. My group was writing about the classroom, we got some guiding questions about motivating classroom and our writing must answer the questions. The others group, writing about students (group B) and teacher (group C). After we finished writing, Mrs. Lydia asked us to make group of three and the students must be mixed from group A, group B and group C. Then, we shared our writing on the groups.

Mrs. Lydia asked us to share our writing into class and she wrote our main points into the whiteboard after we finished our sharing on groups. There were many things that can affect a classroom situation to be a motivating class, such as: students’ attitude to their friends and classroom condition (cleanliness, temperature and classroom size). Motivating classroom also has relation with teacher’s behavior at the class. When the teacher can motivate the students and guide the students to learn without pressure, then it can be a motivating class for students.

The session was continued by searching information for our presentation about mastery focused and performance focused on different fields, group A about classroom structure,  group B about students’ self-regulation and group C about self-regulation. Each group was divided into two small groups consist of three collegian. We got 30 minutes to searching the information and prepared our presentation. After 30 minutes, we went back to the class and start to present our presentation. The presentation was a gallery walk.

On the gallery walk, I was listening to teachers’ characteristics groups and self- regulation groups. The most interesting part on teachers’ characteristics is on Evik’s group. He said that a teacher should make everybody become somebody. It gives deep meaning of a teacher attitude. A teacher should respect to the students and appraise each student.

On the self-regulation groups, I found those are three types of self-regulation by Zimmerman. Those are self-regulation of behavior, self-regulation of motivation and self-regulation of cognitive. In order to make students want to learn, the students need to increase their self-regulation. Teacher’s role on students’ self-regulation is the teacher must stimulate students to increase their self-regulation.

picture source

From this lesson, I learn that between class structure, students’ self-regulation and teachers’ characteristics are connected each other. It is not easy to create a motivating classroom for students, increasing students’ self-regulation and become a motivating teacher for students, but it does not mean it is impossible. 🙂

Shinta Puspita K


Leave a comment

Posted by on November 28, 2011 in Reflection week 10


I (am) Not Stupid… :D

On the 5th meeting of MMSEL Subject, I was learning in interesting way. Why? Because on that day, I watched a movie with title: “I not Stupid”. There is no writing error when I write the title, and you will see, this movie has unique title as like as the story inside.

The movie told me about three students at one school on Singapore. Their names are Kok pin, Terry and Boon Hock. They have learning disabilities and they are on “EM3” level at their school. This level is for students who have low score, so everyone who enters that class will be called a stupid student. Unfortunately, they got a teacher who cannot motivate them to study hard and labeling them as stupid and naughty students. It makes those three students has learned helplessness.

The condition changes when a new teacher comes to that class. I forget the name of the teacher; I will use Mrs. X as the teacher’s name here. When Mrs.X enters the Class, she gives students motivation by telling her story to students: “I have bad score in mathematics, but if I hates mathematics then I will get bad score in mathematics. Then, I tried to make a friend with mathematics, knowing mathematics deeper from outside and inside. After that, I get good score in mathematics”. Based on her story, I conclude that Mrs. X motivate their students to feel enjoy when they learn mathematics and show that learning mathematics is easy. Students just need to “make a friend” and “knowing deeper” mathematics itself. It influence students’ emotion and motivate Boon Hock to study hard. Finally Boon Hock can get good score in mathematics.

Kok Pin has different problem in learning disabilities. At the first time, Kok Pin will be drawing if he gets stuck when he is learning. Although her mother getting angry whenever he is drawing, but he still drawing. Based on that case, Kok Pin has good skill in drawing and it influences his personal interests in learning. When Kok Pin tried to study hard, he still gets bad score. It means that his personal interests affect his multiple-intelligence and make him hard to learn if not suitable with his learning styles.

Terry has problem with language. He cannot use English well. That is why he is dropped into “EM3” class. He also has a problem with his mental development. He always follows her mother’s say without thinking, “is it true or false”. Then, he cannot make his own decision to do something without her mother instruction. Because of his lack in languages and making own decisions, he always failed when tried to make conversation as interaction with Kok Pin and Boon Hock. Like as a chain situation, because of he cannot make a good interaction and get accepted by his friends, he has low social goals. Therefore, when Terry has low social goals then his motivation to learn is decrease.


The movie is really interesting. It also makes me feel thankful, because I have good family condition and I do not have that kind of learning disabilities.

The important question from this reflection is: “Could I be able to handle that kind of students on my class later?” Hopefully the answer is “YES”.

Shinta Puspita K



Posted by on November 1, 2011 in Reflection week 6


Reflection of Week 2 TE: Teacher’s Voice is Important!

On the second week, I have two meeting with X-2 at SMA Y. I made a video of quadratic function to help me explaining the materials, because my voice is too soft and could not cover the whole class. But, there was a problem when I play the video. The speaker was not loud enough so my students cannot hear the sound clearly. Finally, I decided to explain the material manually, by using power point.

When I entered activity session, there were other problems happen. The activity has purpose to give them deep understanding about completing square method in quadratic equation. I gave them an A4 paper, origami paper, glue and cellophane tape. I asked them to do the activity in pairs. I have written the instruction in power point and explained what they should to do. But, when I asked them to do the activity, they do not want to follow my instruction. Some of them dabbed the glue into their friends’ chair, desk. Some others stick the cellophane tape from window to desk and from desk to desk. I was angry to them and asked them to collect the glue and cellophane tape then give it back to me. Unfortunately, my voice is too soft. They ignored me.

I need around 10 minutes to make them paid attention to me again. I was shocked. I did not predict the class became noisier and “wild” if I give them practical activities.

On the last meeting of my TE, I decided to do not use anything related with practical activities. I just show them simulation by using video, then give some examples of ABC formula and ask them to do exercises. I asked some students to give “thunder applause” to their friends who come to in front of the class and doing the exercise n the blackboard. I tried to give them motivation to do the exercise in front of the class.

I also use handclaps to get their attention. When I said “1”, “3”, and “5”, they should to clap their hand once. If I said “2” and “4”, they must be silent and do not claps their hands. Unfortunately, not all of the students want to follow my instruction. Some students do not want to claps their hand when I asked. When I asked them why they do not want to claps their hand, they said, “kayak anak SLB aja kak belajar tepuk tangan segala”.


In order to make the situation melted, I insert a game as group task for them. Based on my experience last week, I asked them to form their own group by themselves. I just gave the rules how many students are allowed in each group and what are the game rules.

The game was held in 15 minutes. There were not all students involve into the games. Some students who sit on the last row of seat did not interest to do the game.

On the last 20 minutes, I asked them to do an individual exercise. Some students who did not want to do the exercise on the last meeting want to do the exercise although they only can fill one number.

My reflections for all Teaching Experience (TE) at this semester are:

Students need motivation but the kind of motivation is different for every students


Teacher’s voice is important! Because motivation, instruction and explanation will be clear for students if a teacher has loud voice.


Shinta Puspita Kencanasari

My Reflection of 1st Week Teaching Experience: Unpredictable Things That Happened

I have taught two times on SMA Y at grade X. My first time was on Monday and it did not work well. The class that I will teach have arranged on Friday. Initially, my class was on X-3. But, on Monday morning, around 07.00 am, my friend that have obligation to teach on the day did not come. So, my lecturer asked us to re-arrange the class in order to save my friends. Because of I was my friends’ team, so I have to switch my class with him then teach at his class on X-1 around 11.00 am. But, I feel unprepared well. I have not finished my lesson plan, my observation sheet and my questionnaire. On my schedule, I have to teach X-3 on Tuesday and today I have plan to observe my friends class to get information of class condition in order to prepare my lesson plan well.

After I knew that I have to teach on that day, I tried to conduct my lesson plan without any information about my class. I feel bad at the day. I have to prepare my teaching on rush and I have no time to make my observation sheet and questionnaire. I was really angry to myself, because why I did not prepare myself for any unpredictable things like this and finished my lesson plan before today. I blamed myself along the day.

When I was teaching, I could not teach well. Because I had bad feeling because of I have no preparation in teaching. From this meeting, I learn that preparation is important to teaching and help the teacher to keep their spirit to teaching.

On the second TE, I entered the class and prepared my teaching equipment. I planned that I will review the materials that I have given to them about function. So, I review the materials that I have been given. Before I started the main topic on the day, I divided them into four groups. A student screamed and said “Kakaaak, aku gak mau satu kelompok sama diaa!”, and a student who sat in front of me said, “Aku maunya sama dia kakak, aku pacarnya dia”. Most of them did not want follow the group that I give. They want the group is divided by their seat. One column of the seat is one group. They do not want learn if the group is not as they want. Therefore, I follow their wanted.

I have to teach from 11.05 – 12.35 WIB, but when the clock is still 12.00 am, the bell rang four times. I wondered what is going on. My students said the bell is “bel pulang”. I found out what is going on and I went to teacher room. No one is there. I asked my friends, they said the class dismissed.

An unpredictable thing happened again on the day. I can prepare and plan the class activities well, but if the school has no coordination, it will be nothing. Then, I know a thing: A teacher need supports and motivation from their friends and school to keep their spirit and passion in teaching still alive.


Let’s Make the Picture Comes True…

On the third meeting of MMSEL course, I sat on third row of seat. Usually, I sit on the first row, but on this session, when I sat on the first row, the seat left was located under the AC. When I sat on there for a moment, I feel coldness. So, I decided to move to third seat, because there were no empty seat on first and second row.

The lesson was started by drawing ourselves on a paper that illustrates our dreams and hope 5-10 years later. The picture is a symbolized of our future expectation, its connected with our beliefs and motivation. I still remember the picture of myself: A beautiful woman (of course, hehehe…), who use “academic gown of  S3”, wear a name tag “lecturer”. I also hold a book with the title “A good daughter, sister, wife and mother” on my left hand, bring a pen on my right hand and I have a cloud mind above my head that thinking of two key ring.

The meaning of my picture is, I want to be a lecturer who has passed S3 degree 10 years later. I also want to be a good daughter for my mother, a good sister for my younger sister, a good wife for my husband, and I want to be a good mother for my child. In other words, 10 years later from now, I want to bring happiness for my mother by buy a home for her and fulfill all of her needs. I also want to help my younger sisters to continue their study. For my life, 10 years later, I expect that I have been married (Amin) and have child (at most three), because I do not want if I have to take care a baby or a child when I have been forty. The other reason is I also want to see my grandchild later. The meaning of key ring is I want to help my students to reach they dreams especially who wants to be an engineer, because my father dying exhortation is he wants me to be an engineer. Because I cannot be an engineer, it will be better if I can help my students to be a good engineer who has good mathematics concept.

The lesson is continued with jigsaw reading about the influence of beliefs on motivation to learn. We divided into four groups expert then discuss about the topic. The unique thing was happened here, we were not allowed to bring our text when we discuss it on expert group. I feel a little bit hard to remember the material without the text, because I have low ability on Short Term Memory (STM). Fortunately, my friends helped me to remember the topic then the discussion gone well. After we shared the content from expert group, Ms. Lydia asked our understanding about the topic.

On the last session, we were asked to reflect our expectation by answer guide questions. Then, we exchanged our reflection and gave sign of what kind of expectation and belief those contains on our friend’s reflection.

I think that is all of my reflection. I hope that I can reach my dreams like as I have drawn. 🙂


Posted by on October 11, 2011 in Reflection week 3


My reflection: Will I become a motivator teacher?

The second week of MMSEL was interesting. Why? The class was started by tell our name and our breakfast, not only that, we also had to remember our friend’s breakfast who has shared it before us and repeat it again. Fortunately, I sat on first row of seat, so I did not have to remember and repeat much “breakfast”. For me, it has a meaning: A teacher must be able to listening to his/her students, whatever the thing is (although only their menu of breakfast), then try to remember it. This is a way to know the students and find out how to motivate them.

The next activities was present our poster on last week about theories of motivation. The presentation used gallery walk method. There were five different kinds theory of Motivation, behavior theory, cognitive theory, sociocultural, social cognitive and humanistic theory.

Then, the activity was followed by presentation of humanistic theory by Faqih’s group. There are five level hierarchies of needs by Abraham Maslow: physiological, safety, belongingness and love, esteem, and self-actualization. The level was divided based on human’s age. When we were a baby, we need food, drink, and everything that is related with our physics need. Then, after the first level has fulfilled, we need security or safety from our parents or everyone around us, because babies cannot do many things to protect themselves. Next, after a baby was got enough physics need and safety, it will need love and belongingness from their parents. When a baby grows up to a child, they need to be accepted and praised by others, so they need self-esteem to realize it. Then, on the top of level, there is self-actualization level. This is a level or a stage of human that is included into growth need. The age of people who has entered this level is different. It depends on their life situation, family, etc.

The next activities were discussion about Self-Determination and Self-Worth then present our result of discussion into role-play. Both self-determination and self-worth are needed by students to be motivated at class.

Because, on self-determination there are exist three innate psychological needs: competence, autonomy and relatedness. Competence is needed because students need to get good comments, actions and responds from teachers, which is not show that his/her is stupid, incompetence, or dumb. Autonomy is needed to let students show their independence and individual ability to be motivated. Relatedness is needed because students need to be accepted and judged positively by others.

Self-worth is needed by students to protect themselves from bad score. Then, they can be motivated to get better score than before.

I think that is all about my reflection. At the end of this reflection, I want to ask myself. Could I be able to apply all of the theory above and become a motivator teacher?

Let time answer it. However, I will struggle to make the answer is YES. 🙂

Shinta Puspita K



Posted by on October 4, 2011 in Reflection week 2


Piece of words to reflects…








Source of picture

The class was started with introduction about our name and address. Then it was continued by sharing our reasons why we attended the class at that day.  There were so many reasons that appear, such as: because of our obligation, mandatory from parents, want to know about the subjects’ overview, want to get score A on the subject, etc.

The reasons that we gave is a part of motivation. Motivation on my own definition like as electricity. People cannot see electricity, but we know that do exist. When it comes into an electric fan, and I push “ON” button, it can rotate propeller fan blades. When it comes into a mobile phone, it can charging the phone and makes it keep turned on.  In other words, motivation is an impulse for everyone to do something and / keep doing something.

Motivation can be similar each other and can be different based on people’s goal, perspective and orientation at life. Different people = different motivation. That is why there were appeared many reasons to attended the class at that day.

Motivation can be sourced from inside or outside ourselves. The motivation that comes from inside us is intrinsic motivation. This motivation comes from our heart, such as our interest, desire, curiosity, etc.  The motivation that comes outside us is extrinsic motivation. This kind of motivation comes from everything outside us, such as parents, family, our beloved, friends, environment, etc.

The interesting thing is I already knew that extrinsic motivation can be transformed into intrinsic motivation and vice versa. Mam Lydia (the lecturer) told us that extrinsic motivation can be changed into intrinsic motivation. For example, a student who comes to school only for meet his/her friends has extrinsic motivation to go to school. Gradually, the students feel enjoy when he/she comes to school and then the students has own desire to go to school every day. When the students come to school because of his/her desire, the motivation has been transformed from extrinsic motivation into intrinsic motivation.

After that, we were asked to share about why we want to be a teacher and characteristics of three teachers who have taught us and we really like his/her. There were various answer based on their experience. I was enjoy when they share their reasons, it makes me to know why a teacher being liked by students.

On the last activities, we were asked to discuss and write about behavioral views of motivation. There were Skinner’s theory about operant conditioning and Bandura’s theory about the power of persuasive models. The core of the theories is about how to motivate students on the class based on behaviorism. Skinner said that we can motivate students by doing reinforcement every time students give correct answer. But, when the students did not like mathematics (math hater) and they never get reinforcement, they will be suffering when they learn mathematics. Bandura’s said, when a student see a teacher and the teacher makes the student admires his/her, the students will partly imitate the teacher and try becoming like the teacher. It also happen when a student see his/her friends get rewards from teacher after doing something, the student may decide to imitate his/her friends to get similar rewards.

There are many ways to motivate students at the class. Hopefully, after I learn this subject, I can motivate my students to learn mathematics and help them become “math’s best friends”. 🙂


Posted by on September 27, 2011 in Reflection week 1