Author Archives: rahayukinasih

Role play as motivator

At the beginning of class, Ms Lidya asked us to express our feeling by showing it in our face.  Many kind of faces expression are showed, but most of it are happy expression. For me happy is the exact expression to describe our feeling before we began the lesson.

Then Ms Lidya asked us what are things that make us interest. We shared our ideas to two different person. For me, I really enjoy stories. Whether it is from movie, books or oral such as gossip, hhe… Other thing is money. Ms Lidya tell us to make students have good motivation in learning we should embed their interest into learning activity.

Next activity we are asked to perform as motivator like what we used to watch in television. In groups we discuss about how we will hold a motivation session. Then we decide our topicwill be how to erase doubt feeling  especially in becoming a teacher. We choose this topic based on phenomenom we found in some students. There are still many students who have doubt to make teacher as their profession.

Ipin is our representative from our group. We think Ipin is the most suitable person among us. One phrase that really good from my point of view is when we want to erase all negative things, then DON’T do it. Simple but difficult.

Other group performances are also interesting. There are groups who held meditation session. Other make the motivation session as talk show.  Athough we do the activity in the staircase in front of the doorway, we are not ashamed to show off.

As teacher, become a good motivator is also important. From my opinion, good motivator has to understand students feeling.

Rahayu Kinasih



Posted by on December 13, 2011 in Reflection week 12


reflection week 11

In week 11 we learnt about good classroom environment. First activity, we drew our opinion about effective classroom. My perspective about good classroom is class which owns by each teacher. The teacher has their own decision to decorate their classroom. The classroom is designed according to the subject that the teacher taught. Each classroom provides facilities that support students learning, like books, computer, etc.

After we drew our dream future classroom, we display it in class. Students are divided into two big groups. While group one explain their own picture, group two arrive to each of students. Then we exchange role.

I visited the picture that Evik, Huda, Fitri and Mita drew. All of them drew pictures of motivating classroom. Mita and huda’s picture describe a class with high technology, while Fitri’s picture describe a class that carry equity. Eviks’ class describe a clean and neat class that make students comfortable to study.

Second activity, Ms. Lydia gave us a piece of puzzle. We have to joint all the pieces of puzzle. After we joint all of the pieces, we will get a phrase of type classroom. Then we will do role play about it. Four types of classroom are order and safety, success, challenge and task comprehension. My group did role play about challenge classroom.

Task comprehension means teacher gives a detail and structure assignment to students. Consider students level of understanding and consider self-autonomy. The goal of task comprehension is to make students understand the purpose of the task, so the students will get the advantage of the task. Students are not only do the task but also will understand the meaning of the subject.

That’s all the reflection of week 11. Thanks.

Rahayu kinasih




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Posted by on December 6, 2011 in Reflection week 11


Reflection week 10

In week 10, we learn about Class structure, Self-regulated Learners and Teacher Characteristics. First activity, we write our experiences based on guiding question given. For group A, write about motivating classroom, group B write about self-regulation, group C write about motivating teacher.  I write my experience about teacher who motivates me. My teacher, who is also my homeroom teacher taught religious course in my class. He is a holy person. Every time he teaches, my class became quiet and peaceful. His belief that really influences us is we have to become honest, sincere and responsible person.

We share our experience while Ms. Lydia wrote the key of our story.  After that about four people from same group gather and do discussion to be presented as two stay two stray method. My group discuss about teacher characteristic that can increase students motivation on mastery goal and performance goal. The other group discuss about class condition that can support students and self-regulation of students.

Differences between mastery goal and performance goal are in mastery goal, success means students gave improvement in understanding, while in performance goal success means have high grades and doing better than other. Teacher oriented in mastery goal is students learning while in students’ performance is students’ performance

In teacher case, to make students more motivated, teacher has to be more care to her students; she also has to have expectation to her students. Teacher has to have beliefs that cause students learn better.

Classroom condition that can support students is a class which is cozy, have an appropriate size, temperature etc., and have adequate facilitate to learn.

Self-regulation is the process to set goals, the process, the strategies, the behaviors, etc. Self-regulation requires a huge responsibility of oneself.

That’s all my reflection abou week ten. Thank you.

Rahayu Kinasih



Posted by on November 29, 2011 in Reflection week 10


I not stupid review


In week six, we watched a movie titled I Not Stupid. The movie told about three students, Terry Khoo, Liu Kok Pin and Ang Boon Hock who in EM3 class, a class for students with low grade. Terry Khoo came from a rich family, he is very obedient to adult, son of a dominate mother and a businessmen father. He is told by his mother to not meddle in others’ affair. Liu Kok Pin is very talented in art but not in academic. His reluctantly-abusive mother pushes him to have a good grade in academic. Ang Boon Hock is a boy who places high value on loyalty. After he loss his father, he and his mother are struggle to earn money.

One day, a new teacher came and become inspiration to Ang Boon Hock. He began to like mathematics and perform better although he is very busy in helping his mother and take care his little brother. He even help Liu Kok Pin to cheat in exams, unfortunately they were caught. Unable to face his mother, Liu Kok Pin attempts suicide but fails. When his mother knows, she became very angry and tries to hit him but suddenly she collapse. Doctor diagnoses her with leukemia.

In a final exam, Ang Boon Hock has the best score in mathematics while the others boys are average. Contrary to his expectation, Liu Kok Pin’s mother greets him with smile when he tells his score. She said she proud of him for trying his best. At the moment, his teacher came and informs them that Liu Kok Pin won second prize in international competition on drawing.

However, the happiness is interrupted by the rush to save Liu Kok Pin’s mother. The teacher sends messages to all of students’ parents to become a donator. Unexpectedly, the suitable donor is Terry Khoo. Although his family refuses to allow him he persists and eventually her parents understand his decision.

In the movie, the teacher has belief in incremental view of intelligence that said intelligence and ability can be increased with effort. Meanwhile Liu Kok Pin’s mother use punishment to push  Liu Kok Pin but it turns out to be contrary, Liu Kok Pins’ motivation is decrease.

After inspired by his teacher, Ang Boon Hock has mastery goal, a goal that focus on improvement of understanding. In comparison, his cousin who enter EM1 has a performance goal, a goal that emphasize looking competent and receiving favorable from others.

This movie has opened my eyes about the reality in education world. The kind of this case are still happening today and its our job to change it!

Rahayu Kinasih



Posted by on November 1, 2011 in Reflection week 6


Reflection of teaching experience part 2

In week 5, I have to teach twice time. In this two meeting, I planned to use group discussion.

First meeting, I began with recall their prior knowledge about limit that I have taught in previous meeting. I explained another concept and give some examples, after that I divided them into some groups. In one group there are 4 members, I gave them 16 exercises and each members have to do four exercises randomly. The scores will divide equally for each members.

Second meeting, I still continued the activity from previous meeting because the students not yet finish the work. After work in group they come in front of the class to do the problems.

In the end, the master teacher comment me about my teaching way. She say that my voice is too soft so it cannot be heard till the back seat row. She also say that I too impatient,I should have to angry when the behavior of the students are too uncontrollable. My weakness is that I am not a firm teacher so the students can act whatever they want.

The teacher say that the way I delivered the lesson is good, simple and understandable, but I gave them exercises that too high for them. So I have to work struggle to make them understand.

The teacher also comment that my management class is still not good. I cannot cover all the students needs and the students are too noisy. However, I did a good a job to make the students want to learn mathematics. Even though there are two students that really unmotivated to learn and I hardly make personal approach to them.

Well, that’s all my reflection about my teaching experience in week 5. I hope in next teaching experience I can do better.

Rahayu Kinasih



Reflection of teaching experience

In week 4 we are doing Teacher Experience (TE) in different school. I was placed in SMA Labschool Kebayoran with some of my friends. We were given opportunity to teach and to conduct classroom action research.

In first week of TE, I have been observing once and teaching once in XI social class. I observed the class on first day. My master teacher is a favorite teacher. She is very understanding. Her explanation is systematic and easy to understand.

From what I see, one of the students’ motivation in mathematics is score. They will actively participate if teacher gives them additional score, yet they become less determine if the teacher not gives a reward. The teacher is not the strict type, but she quite firm.

In  second day, I began to teach them. I was really nervous because it was my first time to teach alone. One of the difficulties that I got when teaching is to manage the class. I was overwhelm to handle the students. When I explaining, some students did not listen to me. Even tough I have run out of voice because I speak loud continuously. I have to remind them many times about our agreement that we make before which is we have to respect and listen to those who speaking in front of the class.

I asked the students to do some exercises in front of the class. I give them additional score as reward if they answered correctly. Unexpectedly more than half of the class do the exercise correctly. However, they still disobey the rules. They really noisy and even play the music loudly. I have to ask them to stop repeatedly.

From my first experience of teaching alone, I have a conclusion that I lack the ability to control and manage the class.

Rahayu Kinasih





High Expectations in the Classroom

Expectations play an important role in education. Students who are expected to get good grades and go on to college usually do, but what about those who are the focus of lower expectations? By projecting high expectations for all students, teachers can motivate children to achieve more, leading them to a brighter future.

Importance of High Expectations

o    According to Ross Miller of the Association of American Colleges and Universities, raising expectations can lead to higher achievement, and numerous studies show that people with high expectations perform at a higher level than those with low expectations, even when their abilities are equal. High expectations can even transform a student’s belief and behavior and turn a low-performing student into a successful learner.


o    Miller asserts that the Pygmalion effect — people will perform how you expect them to — can also have a negative effect. With the prevalence of standardized tests, many schools expect students to pass the test and therefore focus on teaching only the minimum needed to pass, rather than challenging them to do more. According to the North Central Regional Educational Laboratory (NCREL), engaging students in a challenging, fast-paced curriculum produces positive academic and social outcomes. Activities that encourage critical thinking and inquiry communicate the expectation that students are capable of higher-level thinking, complex problem-solving and decision-making.

Developing High Expectations in the Classroom

o    Several factors can project higher expectations to students. First, create an environment conducive to learning in your classroom. Increase the input you give to students, because expending more time and effort shows that you expect more. Finally, encourage students to give responses and increased output; students will do the work you expect them to do if they feel you support them.

The NCREL reports that the most effective way to convey high expectations to students is to establish personal relationships that communicate support, simply telling students, “I know you can do it; I believe in you.” You must provide the support children need to achieve what you expect. Look for each student’s strengths and find ways to use them to facilitate learning. Even students with the lowest self-esteem can become motivated when they feel that a teacher believes in them, and this can lead them to believe in themselves and have higher expectations for their own future.

Factors That Shape Expectations

o    Miller writes that measured ability often shapes teacher expectations, but this shouldn’t always be true. Teachers usually project high expectations for students with high ability, such as gifted or honors students, and these students usually succeed in school and go on to post-secondary education. When a student’s failure is attributed to low ability, a teacher will begin to expect less in the future.

But many students mask their own ability because of laziness, low self-esteem or rebellion. These students can blossom into high achievers when they know more is expected of them. Accordingly, students who believe they have low ability because of years of low expectations will eventually lose their motivation to learn. A teacher who has high expectations and teaches students that success is linked more to effort than to ability can help these students succeed.

Sometimes, teachers alter expectations according to race, ethnicity, life experiences and socioeconomic status, but according to Miller, successful teachers have uniformly high expectations for every student. According to the NCREL, schools with high expectations and support to help students achieve these expectations have fewer students who drop out and more who go on to college.

Expectations for Teachers

o    Miller writes that teachers who doubt their own efficacy exert less effort in instructing students, leading to lower student performance. Likewise, school administrators must exhibit high expectations for all teachers. Schools should strive to create a climate of high expectations, which will motivate teachers and students to achieve more.


Our Summary

Expectations play an important role in teaching and learning activities, either it is positive or negative. Ross Miller of the Association of American Colleges and Universities said that who have expectations will have motivation to have a higher achievement than who are not. Miller said Pygmalion effect also has negative side. For example, many school focus to make the students be able to pass examination, whereas the main purposes of education some not only that. Education is more about creating people to be ready to face the world using some skills like problem solving, critical thinking, etc.

People who are expected to do something usually will only focus to what they are expected to. To make students have high expectations, teacher has to build a personal relationship and support them. Students will have more motivation if teacher believes in them. Teacher usually has high expectation to students who have high ability and less to students who have low ability. Laziness and low self esteem are some aspects which can block students to have high ability. Teacher must help them to find out their own expectation, motivate and support them to become a high achiever. School also needs to have high expectation to the teacher and help them to help students.



Ismi Apriliani

Nur Arifin

Rahayu Kinasih

Triana Afriani



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Posted by on October 11, 2011 in Articles


Reflection week 3 (hopes, beliefs and expectations)

In third meeting we learned about goal and belief and how it affects motivation of a person. Before we started activity, we discussed about the rule for students who are late. Our agreement is for anyone who is late more than 15 minutes for the third time and so on won’t allow attending the class. I hope all students in section B respect and obey the rule so none of us will be expelled from the class.

After discussed about the rule, Ms. Lydia reminded us about the assignment for school observation. We have to observe the class condition to respond to the question “How does teacher create motivating classroom to optimize students learning?” We were given the guiding question on how to make a report. By observe our master teacher; I think we can learn how to build a motivating atmosphere when we teach and how to become a motivate teacher.

In next activity, we drew ourselves in 5-10 years later. What we want to be and what we want to accomplish. In my sheet, I drew myself as a teacher, a writer, an adventurer and have a special man. After we drew, we shared each work to the class. It is great to know my friends dreams, all of them have amazing dreams. I realized how our hopes and expectations motivates us to do better, so in 5-10 years later we can achieve all of it.

Ms. Lydia divides us into some groups for next activity which is jigsaw reading. Our first group is homegroup, each members of homegroup has to read a sub topic consists of beliefs about future outcomes, beliefs about intelligence, beliefs about capability and belies about value. After read, everyone from all groups who read the same topics gather to make an expert group and discuss about the topic for 10 minutes. After 10 minutes we back to our homegroup and explain the topic we already discuss to other members.

The last activity, we write our hopes and expectations of study in SSE and learn MMSEL. Overall, I think all of the activity in third meeting is about how hopes, beiefs and expectation become and intrinsic motivation.

Rahayu Kinasih



Posted by on October 11, 2011 in Reflection week 3


Reflection week 2 (Maslow, Self-determination, Self-worth)

In this second meeting, I think that the learning is very effective. From the first activity which is gallery walk, we can learn about other group’s discussion and opinion about learning theories in a short time. We compare and assimilate or accommodate the new information from others to have a new knowledge. After we did gallery work, we discuss and confirm our perception together with Ms. Lydia.

In second activity, we discuss the level hierarchy of needs by Maslow. We learn it by identifying which level a person from the problem Ms. Lydia gave to us. By doing this I can learn better and know deeper the differences of each level and how it is applied in our daily life.

We did silent reading then discuss it with our pair in third activity. The article is about self-determination and self-worth. When we read alone I can’t understand some aspect from the article, but after I discuss with my partner I can understand better and easier. We also can share our perspective of the reading.

Based on my opinion, self-determination is how a person needs to act and control her/his environment. By have chance(s) to make decision and choice will grow intrinsic motivation of person. Self-determination has three part, competence, autonomic and relatedness.

Self-worth according to Schunk is an emotional reaction to or an evaluation of the self. Self-worth is how students react to give impression to other to increase their self-esteem and achieve self-acceptance.

The last activity is role play. We make a group and each group will have a material to do the role play while other groups will guess what theme they were presented. We present it in very creative and understandable way.

That’s my opinion about our learning on second meeting. Please correct me if my opinion is wrong. Thank you.


Rahayu Kinasih



Posted by on October 4, 2011 in Reflection week 2


Reflection week – 1

At the first meeting, we define what motivation is and how motivation will make someone doing better or otherwise.  For me, motivation is the reason(s) why someone acting or behave in particular way to achieve their goal(s).  Motivations divide into two types, intrinsic and extrinsic. Intrinsic is said to be stronger motivation than extrinsic. Intrinsic motivation will last long while extrinsic motivation can be weakened when the thing that motivate disappear.

We also discuss about what the thing(s) that motivates us to study in SSE and become teacher. In class, I didn’t have the chance to share my story, so that I share my story here. In the past, I never wanted to be a teacher because I don’t like to be a center of attention and I don’t have a confidence. However, my parents forced me to study in SSE. I felt that this is a burden, but after I attended the courses, I finally have a confidence to become the teacher. Then my confidence become one of my motivation becomes a teacher.

I have some figures that I admire as a teacher. One of them is Ron Clark. Mr. Clark can integrate students’ hobbies into learning activities so students feel enthusiasm and interest to learn. He is a firm and discipline person so students respect him.  Another person that I admire is my teacher in my senior high school. My teacher is really caring about his students. He knew very well each of his students. He knew their strength and weaknesses so he knew how to advance his students ability.

Many things become my motivation, wheter it is intrinsic or extrinsic. I hope my motivation will always motivate me to reach my goal which is becoming a great teacher who can be a motivator to my students later.


Rahayu Kinasih


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Posted by on September 26, 2011 in Reflection week 1