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Classroom Organization – Guidelines For Teaching Rules and Procedures

Effective classroom management begins when a teacher knows the particular types of disruptive behavior s/he wants to curb and the types of positive behavior s/he wants to promote. Rules need to be thoughtfully planned with positive reinforcement and feedback.

 Rules refer to general expectations or standards for classroom behavior. The purpose is to create a strong expectation what is or is not acceptable. Some examples are:

• Well prepared material
• come to class on time
• Be respect to students when they are talking about their opinion

Ideally, you should start teaching your rules on the first day of school and continue reviewing them throughout the year putting a special emphasis on the first month.

 Procedures refer to a specific activity and methods for accomplishing daily routines. Some examples are:
• policy for handing in late assignments
• policy for coming in late
• policy for working in groups

 How should you go about teaching rules?
• State the rule clearly.
• Discuss why the rule is important
• Provide both positive and negative examples of the rule
• Don’t overdo this one, but discuss the consequences
• Do not make much rules (3-4 should be enough)

Resource:
http://ezinearticles.com/?Classroom-Organization—Guidelines-For-Teaching-Rules-and-Procedures&id=2558502
Group 5:
Titiah Dewi Masitoh (2009110024)
Evik Dwi Priagung (200110028)
Novani Lieadi (2009110032)
Huda Marofiq (2009110042)

 
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Posted by on January 17, 2012 in Articles

 

Reflection on week 12

The topic for this week was about Instructional variable. Before we began the lesson, Ms. Lidya asked us to think and share about something that we like and it also interesting for us. I thought about shopping, it is very interesting for me because I like to see the items (cuci mata) in the store, Mall,ect and if there are cheap and there is a discount or sale, I’m really like it and I’ll try to buy it. Next, it related with the topic today, Instructional variable. There are four factors that developing interest in learning activities.

First, introductory focus is about how to attract students’ attention in beggining the lesson and provide a conceptual framework for the lesson. Second is personalization, teacher attempt to connect the topics with students life in order to increase students’ interest in learning activity.Third is involvement, students are actively participating in a learning activities. Teacher can promote involvement by using open-ended question and hands-on activities. Fourth, feedback is about learning progress that essential for both learning  and motivation. Feedback follows a formative assessment, exercise to guide teaching and the student’s learning. When feedback indicates that competence is increasing, self-efficacy and self-determination both improve, and intrinsic motivation increases.

The next activity, Ms. Lidya asked us to make a role play about an event that give motivation to the teacher candidate. My group consists of Huda, Evik and Novani. Evik has a role as a motivator, Huda as a presenter, Novani and I as guests. We would give motivation about multiple intelligences. Based on Howard Gardner theory, multiple intelligences have eight basic intelligences. They are linguistic-verbal, logical-mathematical, visual-spatial, bodily-kinesthetics, musical-rhythmic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, and naturalist. In our role play, I am as Valentina Risa, a person who is strong bodily-kinesthetics because I am a rider. Novani as Agnes Mo Cerai, a person who is strong musically-rhythmic because she is a singer. We had different capability. So in learning process, we has strength and weaknesses. But, we can use our strength in multiple intelligences to develop our weaknesses. For example, Novani as a singer, she is weak numerically, it will be more likely to develop numerical through music. She is tried according to her ability and not force beyond her ability.

Titiah Dewi Masitoh

2009110024

 
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Posted by on December 13, 2011 in Reflection week 12

 

Instructional Variables in meeting Individual Needs


Factors that influence students in meeting their individual needs are in the following.

1. Meaningful Reading and Writing tasks

Effective instruction emphasis on meaningful tasks of reading and writing. The focus of instruction should be on ways to help students integrate new knowledge with existing knowledge to construct meaning (Roehler & Duffy, 1991). Good readers spend the majority of their time engaged in meaning-making activities such as silent reading and peer discussions (Allington,  1983).

2. Expectation level

their potential is affected by the quality of instruction and the learning experiences provided. Research indicates that children in remedial and compensatory programs spend the majority of their time completing low-level tasks (Anderson & Pellicer, 1990; Allington & McGill-Franzen, 1989). Not only does this pattern reflect lower expectations, but students do not develop the higher levels of academic functioning necessary to achieve success in later years (Clifford, 1990)

3. Student’ Strength

Students is already able to do and linking what is already known with what remains to be learned. Teachers are providing scaffolds to help students bridge the gap between their current abilities and the intended goal.

4. Varying levels of Support

Students can learn from varying level of support. It might be introduced to a concept with the whole class,  work with peers in collaborative learning, and then work individually to apply the concept independently.

5. Active Involvement

Characteristic of effective instruction and learning is students are active participants in the learning process. Each student can share their opinion to other students and follow the activities based on instruction from the teacher. They can use each other opinion as learning resources to improve their knowledge.

6. Match Between Classroom and Support Programs

The effective classroom emphasizes to the strategies and skills. Coordination between the core curriculum and the curriculum is important to apply in the classroom.

7. Cultural Appropriateness

This factor of instruction includes consideration of the materials and types of activities used. Teacher can used various interesting methods that appropriate with students culture. For example, students can work in group (Collaborative learning) that has members from different cultures. They can contribute in doing the activities in group.

Conclusion

After we know about the factors of instructional variables, we conclude that instructional variables affect the students needs. Teacher must consider about what the students need and what they interested in. Teacher have an important role in giving various activity that can develop students interest and motivation in learning. But, students should to involved in the activity. Maybe they can share their opinion from teacher questioning, actively participate in group discussion, questioning from teacher in improving their critical thinking, etc. After teacher gave some task or questioning to the students, teacher can give feedback, so the students can improve their ability more deeply in doing better work.

Members of group:

Novani Lieadi (2009110032)

Titiah Dewi Masitoh (2009110024)

Evik Dwi Priagung (2009110028)

Huda Marofiq (2009110042)

Resource article: http://www.lessonsense.com/info/individual-needs.html

Resource image : http://www.google.co.id/imgres?q=teacher+feedback&um=1&hl=id&biw=1024&bih=494&tbm=isch&tbnid=F5ZPlukUyC94OM:&imgrefurl=http://www.gifted.uconn.edu/siegle/SelfEfficacy/section12.html&docid=OxM_7EScqvbrlM&imgurl=http://www.gifted.uconn.edu/siegle/SelfEfficacy/SEC-IMG/CLASHAND.GIF&w=550&h=739&ei=ISnnTvGvFIG0rAeyl9SYBw&zoom=1

 
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Posted by on December 13, 2011 in Articles

 

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My Reflection 11th week

                Today, we learnt about positive classroom climate. First activity, we started by drawing about what looked like a positive classroom climate. I drew a situation that consists of teacher and students who discuss about the material. Teacher and students help each other, students discussed in group. They mutualy encourage to achieve in understanding the material. if there is any problem when students do exercise or task, they can ask to teacher. I drew about it in my paper, student who was asked to teacher and the situation is serius but fun.

In a positive classroom climate, not only students who try to achieve the goal of learning but also teacher has the goal in learning. Actually, teacher learn more when she/he teachs and delivers the material for students. Students and teacher work together to reach the goal. The goal in creating positive classroom climate is order and safety, sucsess, challenge and task comprehension.

Then, we got the piece of paper which had a series of words and the same color. My color was orange and the series of words forming word “Challenge”. My groups consists of Ismi, Desy, and Ayu. We discussed and made a role play about challenge.  In my group, Desy as a teacher, and the other as students. Teacher provide a challenging learning in class with a challenging task  for students. It can increase perception of their self-efficacy and competence when students succeed on task as challenging. The task has relevant and meaning for students.

Mita’s group shown a role play about success. They explained that success can develop self-efficacy of students. Teacher give a variety of examples and task that has relevant to students life. If students feel difficult in doing the exercise, teacher divide students by scaffolding. Teacher start the lesson with open-ended question and give feedback about their learning progress. If students get a mistake, teacher do not judge of their result/work but teacher tells which one is wrong. Teacher also gives motivation that they can to do the exercise. Mistake is a part of learning process, did not mean that they aren’t success. So, I think that we should not be afraid to try something and then make a mistake, because with the existence of a mistake means that we learn.

Titiah Dewi Masitoh

2009110024

 
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Posted by on December 6, 2011 in Reflection week 11, Uncategorized

 

My reflection on 10th Week

When I came to class, the teaching-learning process has begun. Then, I followed the lesson and I joined in Group C. Group C was about teacher. I wrote about my teacher who motivated me in learning. After that, we shared it in groups who had different topics. They are Ismi and Ratih. Ismi talked about the class situation that she likes. She like classroom that comfortable and competitive environment. Ratih talked about learners. She said that skill to communicate with other people is important as learners. Andi and I talked about our teacher. Andi had experiences about his teacher when he was Senior High School. I talked about my teacher who was fun but serious in his teaching. The value that he built in class is respect, confidence, care and belief. There was no load that I felt in his teaching, I also felt comfort with his class. He also motivated students to learn. He believed that we could reach his goal of learning with our efforts. He never judge or labeling us. It can influence my motivation to learn.

After we discussed in groups who had different topics, we shared our discussion in front of class with Ms.Lydia. Next activity, we found and explored about the topics that we got in groups. My groups consist of Riyan, Ipin and Andi. We used some books from the library and search on internet. We discussed about teacher characteristics. We wrote what we found in flipchart and we did gallery walk. The personal characteristics of teachers who increase students’ motivation to learn are caring, modeling, personal teaching efficacy and having high expectations.

I learnt about self- regulation in other groups. My friend explained that self-regulation is about how to manage and responsibility their selves. Self-regulation refers to students’ ability in understanding and controlling their learning.

Titiah Dewi Masitoh

2009110024

 
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Posted by on November 28, 2011 in Reflection week 10

 

There are no stupid students

After waiting for minutes, we got the DVD that we want. Ya, we would watch the movie about “I Not Stupid”. Before of that, Ms. Lydia gave us an article about the influence of goals on motivation to learn. We read it and then we discussed in pairs.

Time to watch the movie! I think the movie is a good movie. Because when I watched it, all my feeling was out. There were sad, funny, happy, etc. This movie told about three students who have different backgrounds. But, they have similarity about how to face of math difficulty. They are also the same from EM3 class. They are Terry, Kok Pin and Boon Hock.

Terry is a boy who always obedient to what his mother said. Because his mother feels she is a good mother who responsible to her children. His mam will give everything what Terry wants. But, his mam also who decides everything to her children. His father also will give everything what Terry wants if he get good score in exam. Terry includes in Behaviorism Theories. Terry is motivated with gift that his father gave. Because they come from a rich family. They can buy everything by money. Then, Terry study with private tutor at home. Finally, Terry’s score is 62. He has performance goals because he wants to achieve the goal of learning with good score in exam.

Boon Hock is different with Terry’s life. Boon Hock is a boy who always helps his mother works and he also take care his little brother. When Boon Hock gets bad score, he gets the inspiration from his teacher to learn math. He is motivated to study hard in exam. His goal of learning includes mastery goal because he tried to understand the material first. Ultimately, his score is 92.

Kok Pin is a boy who always try to  learn mathematics. Even his mother will punish him if he get bad score. His goal of learning is Performance-avoidance goal , because when he is asked to study math, he always draw something. In class, teacher sees Pik’s picture, but teacher is not angry. Instead, his teacher asks him to make the best picture for her. He has good skills in drawing. Finally, he still gets bad score, but he gets scholarship from his achievement in drawing.

I like this movie. This movie gives me an understanding of the characteristics of students in class. We do not judge or labeling that they are stupid, but they have advantages and disadvantages in their abilities and skills. Thank you.. 🙂

Titiah Dewi Masitoh

2009110017

 
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Posted by on November 1, 2011 in Reflection week 6

 

Reflection of School Experience 2

This reflection is about the second week of teaching experience. it was the last week of our school experience. Actually, I did school experience at SMA Y and I got more experiences to study many things in the school, such as the characteristics of students, teachers and school environment.

The first was about school environment, I thought that the school was very unique. I know that the facility is adequate and comfortable in teaching-learning process. There are wi-fi, audiovisual room, lab-bahasa,and Fingerprint Machine that used by all students and teachers to fill the attendance (the first time I saw that). Unfortunately, based on my observation, there was a power outage (pemadaman listrik) in one day of the week (at 11.30). Then, teaching-learning process was stopped. Because the situation (AC and lamp did not turn on) were not conducive for teaching-learning process. Students also asked me to stop teaching because of that. This is the uniqueness for me. It become their culture if a power outage happen, then all students will go home although it is before 14.30.

The second is about the teachers, we know that the teachers have an important role in teaching-learning process. Teacher also is a model for students. Their appearance is important but it has not too flashy to get students’ attention. Teacher have to give a good example as an educator. Teacher is not only transfer their knowledge and experience but also teacher give motivate/support students in order to be better. It is very different with my experience in the school because there were some teachers who did not realize their role.

The third about students. In this class, students were diverse and I tried to manage all of them. I also tried to call the students’ names to know them and to get their attention. There were students who enthusiastic in participating of learning activities such as asking question, and follow the learning actively. Actually, There were also troublemakers in my class but I tried to handle because I wanted them to follow my learning activities. One of my way was asking them to do something for helping me. Hehe.. 🙂

On Wednesday, I had math class in X.4 Grade but as you have read above, there was a power outage. Suddenly, my class was not conducive to learn because of the power outage. I tried to stay at my class but in fact students did not want to learn until the school announced to repatriate students. So, I continued my teaching in the next day.

On Thursday, my master teacher asked me to pursue my material to the next topic in a meeting. It was about the formulas of math, my master teacher asked me to give the formulas directly, he said that students did not need the concept of its formulas, so I had to give the formulas directly and gave the examples. I thought that I was a teacher candidate, I don’t want my students were given formulas like that. Unfortunately, This was a command from my master teacher and I had to follow his rule. If I was allowed to teach the students step by step, I did not have enough time to teach them. Hufh….

Titiah Dewi Masitoh

2009110024

 

School Experience in 4th Week Reflection

This is the first time I get school experience in SMA Y. I thought this school was a non-muslim school, but it was wrong. SMA Y is a school that majority their students are children of employees at BI. It is located in Pancoran area. It is still quite far from my house, Bekasi. But, it is also the same as I go to campus actually..

On Monday, I came to attend the flag ceremony in SMA Y. I had to come early, because the ceremony started at 06.30 WIB. Hufh.. School field is not too board. In one class only consists of 17 – 20 students. My master teacher is Mr. Y as a mathematic teacher in X grade. I get X.4 grade, but I did not have opportunity to observe this class when learning math with Mr. Y. I observed my friends who were teaching in others class,such as Andi in X.1 grade , Mba Shinta in X.2 grade and Riyan in X.3 grade. I also observed my friend from English Department in X.4 grade, I want to get information about this class.

On Wednesday, this was the first time I taught in X.4 grade. My class started at 11.05-12.35 WIB, and I get also in Thursday at 13.05-14.25 WIB. I think the time is late morning because usually learning math in the first hours. When I asked to my master teacher, he said that he is deliberately put math at the noon because his house is far away. But, I think that it is not effective for learning math.

In the real class, I taught by using Powerpoint to help me in teaching-learning process. My topic was about function and relation. Actually, they already get it in Junior High School, but my master teacher asked me to teach deeper about it before entering the topic of quadratic equation. In one meeting, I discussed about function and relation. There were problems in this class. First,how to get student’s attention in class. I’m really shocked when there was a student who sleep in class, then I asked Mr. Y, he said, “Biasa dia mah, sudah jangan dihiraukan”. While, I asked her friends, they said, “Sedang sakit, Kak”. So, I could not do anything, then I continued my material. Not much later, students did not focus on my material,my initiative to set up the video in order to get students’ attention. But actually,it did not exist on my lesson plan. Second, students in class looked like never to make a note. I was really confused whether they brought books in their bag. Fortunately, my activities in class involved them to do something, such as writing others example and hands on. Third, I could not monitor all students in class, although 19 students. I found it difficult when they called me to ask for help. I felt overwhelmed. Fourth, being a teacher, I have to prepare about the tools for teaching. My preparation need laptop and instruments for my activities (flipchart, colorful markers, glue tag, post it, ect). Fortunately, each class provides AC, LCD and OHP. But, others tools are not available in class, such as markers,and remote OHP. So, before starting the class, I ask to TU teacher.

On Thursday, suddenly there was a meeting of teacher at 12.00 WIB. So,I did not get the second teaching X.4 grade. 😦

Titiah Dewi Masitoh

2009110024

 

My Reflection

Hello my class and Ms. Lydia…

In this meeting, we changed the rules that we have made previously. It was about the arrival in class. Previous rule, I thought that we agreed to came to class 15 minutes earlier and if we came late,so we gave the latest news. Then, we were changing to tolerance 20 minutes to come late and maximum 2 times if more than that, we will not be absent. Hopefully, we all can come to class be on time.. 🙂

We drew our dreams in five-ten years into the future. Actually, I could not draw a picture very well. I drew a career woman, who have dreams to became a successfull. I want to be happy my parents, I can be a good cook, I can drive my car later, I have a life partner, and so on… hopefully my dreams can come true..Amin

The next activty, we studied the topic by using Jigsaw technique. Students were divided into several groups consinst of 4 students. My group consisted of Novani, Evik, and Fitri. I responsible for knowing about expectation belief in future outcomes. Then, we discussed with others who had the same topic. Then, we came back to our jigsaw group to share what we have learned. After that, we discussed in the class what we got from our friends’ explaination. I felt enjoy this class but I had to learn more about topic of this meeting.

We answered the questions that given by Ms. Lydia in Powerpoint. Unfortunatelly, I was not able to think clearly, I might not be focusing on the questions. I’m sorry Ms. Lydia, My answer might not be good enough…

Then, we exchanged our answer in pairs. My partner was Evik, I underlined Evik’s answer which was included of expectation,self-efficacy, ect. Finally, the answer was collected to Ms. Lydia.

Oia,I almost forgot that we have assignments for school experience. keep spirit!! OK..

 

Titiah Dewi Masitoh

2009110024

 
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Posted by on October 11, 2011 in Reflection week 3

 

My reflection

This was the second meeting of MMSEL class. Alhamdulillah, I did not come late today.. J but there were still our friends who came late, although Ms. Lydia guessed that our friends already in class..

We started the class with games. The rule of games was repeated the utterance of our friends about their breakfast today. This morning, I ate Lontong that contain of carrots, potatoes and shredded. I felt that this games was interesting because it could measure our memory or concentrate of our brain in the morning..

Next session was presentation. Actually, we already made poster on flipchart in previous meeting. My group’s poster was about sociocultural perspective of motivation. We presented our poster to others. Then, others group also presented their poster to another groups. The first, I presented my poster’s group to Mita and Nia (from other groups). Then, I moved to other groups to know what they wrote in flipchart, such as Joe about Cognitive Theories and Ratih was about Humanistic Theories. After finished the presentation, Ms.Lydia asked Mba Shinta and me about our boyfriends. Which one of motivation theories that relates to our boyfriends as our motivator. I answered sociocultural because I learned with my boyfriend and we always support each other.

Furthermore, we continued to the next topic, it was about Maslow Theory. Fortunately, it was a topic that has been explained by Ratih’s groups. So, their group re-explained again in front of the class. In this session, Riyan asked to Ratih’s groups about the stages of Abraham Maslow Hierarchy of Needs. He felt that the stages of writing were not like the poster of ratih’s groups. Actually I agree with Ms. Lydia that the stages of Abraham Maslow Hierarchy of Needs were appropriated with age. For example, a baby has needs the basic of Maslow Theory was physiological. In addition, the needs of a person was increasing when the age of the person also increase to the higher stages. But a person could go back to the previous step if he has not gotten his needs, for example self-esteem or love.

Then, Ms.Lydia gave us an article about self-determination. We read and shared what we learnt from the article in pairs. My partner was Ismi. Then, we shared again in other pairs. After sharing session, Ms. Lydia gave us a piece of paper that contains a topic of scenario for our role play. My group consists of Huda, Ratih, Ismi, Aida and I. We got role play about the needs of relatedness. It was very important for us to have a relationship with other without looking one’s strengths and weaknesses.  OK!!

I did not realize that the time of this course was over. I really felt enjoy of this class… THANK YOU..J

Titiah Dewi Masitoh

2009110024

 

 
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Posted by on October 2, 2011 in Reflection week 2