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Week Two: Breakfast, Poster, Role Play, & Maslow

Week two of MMSEL class was started by remembering classmates’ name and their breakfast from the first row to the last row. Hahahahaha, it was hard enough to remember classmates breakfast, because some of them have extraordinary breakfast (for example me hehehe). I was fortune enough, because at that time I sat on second row, it about at 9 or 10 chairs from first mate. The most unlucky one is my friend who sat on the last chair, Nanai. She has to remember 20+1 (include Miss Lydia)’s breakfast, wow it was hard job. 🙂

After nickname and breakfast thing, our class continue to poster presentations,we were presenting poster that we have done in first week. The presentation method is 2 stay-2 stray, so we could learn all of materials from other group’s posters. It is a good chance to present and learn from other at once. My group, consist of Evik, Novani, Titiah, and I, presented Sociocultural theory fron vygotski. Actually, the content of posters are similar (I think it same) with learning theory that we have got in first semester. So, it make us feel familiar with those materials. After poster group presentation, we continued to Maslow’s Theory. Because of one of our groups presented Maslow’s theory, so explanation about Maslow’s theory explain by Maslow’s group.

Next activity was role play. Before role play started, Miss Lydia divide us into pair work, distribute material papers and discuss with pair. The material is about self determination, which divided into 3 needs, competence, autonomy, and relatedness. After pair discussion, miss Lydia ask us to merge pairs to bigger group and sharing our findings, and also tried to make up a role play based on the selected material. It was hard at first, we must make up a-non-preparation role play, but after several minutes brainstorming we could make a good enough role play. As a result, my group could show ‘awesome’ acting.

The last activity is learn about self worth. Self worth is a emotional reaction that purposed to protect their pride and to gain acceptance or acknowledgment from others. Even, sometimes people could lies for the sake of self worth.

This MMSEL week is getting better, and I hope always getting better in next time (I am not said first class is not good). I also hope MMSEL give me knowledge and competence in giving motivation for my beloved students in the future.

Huda Marofiq
2009110042

 
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Posted by on October 4, 2011 in Reflection week 2

 

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Self-Determination and Self-Worth in Motivation

Self-Determination

People have an external ‘perceived locus of causality’ (PLOC) to the extent they sees forces outside the self as initiating, pressuring, or coercing one’s action. In an internal PLOC a person feels they are the initiator and sustainer of their own actions.

People with a higher internal PLOC thus feel self-determined in that they see their behavior as stemming from their own choices, values, and interests, whereas those with an external PLOC experience their behavior as controlled by some external event, person, or force.

The internal locus is connected with intrinsic motivation, whilst the external locus is connected with extrinsic motivation.

The distinction between intrinsic and extrinsic is a core part of Self-Determination Theory (SDT), which was developed in the wake of Behavioralism and Conditioning, where behavior management is based around reward and punishment. SDT extends this extrinsic view to consider intrinsic effects.

There are three needs that SDT identifies as requiring satisfaction:

  • Competence: succeeding in what you do.
  • Relatedness: connecting with others.
  • Autonomy: being in control of your life.

Example

I feel in control of my own life. I feel responsible for my actions. I have a high internal locus and motivate myself. My friend is always complaining that they are being ‘forced’ to do things and that life is not fair. They have a high external locus and are more affected by reward and punishment.

So What?

Using it

Find out whether people have stronger internal or external locus and then persuade them accordingly. For internal locus, you might show how they are control and let them choose. For external locus you could show how they are being driven by outer forces and then offer a safe haven for them.

Defending

Understand your own PLOC and how you attribute cause. Think about whether this is effective for you and whether you want to change it. Also note how this relates to how others persuade you (and how you persuade yourself).

2.      Self-Worth

Self-worth theory states that in certain situations students stand to gain by not trying and deliberately withholding effort. If poor performance is a threat to a person’s sense of self-esteem, this lack of effort is likely to occur. This most often occurs after an experience of failure. Failure threatens self-estimates of ability and creates uncertainty about an individual’s capability to perform well on a subsequent basis.

If the following performance turns out to be poor, then doubts concerning ability are confirmed. Self-worth theory states that one way to avoid threat to self-esteem is by withdrawing effort. Withdrawing effort allows failure to be attributed to lack of effort rather than low ability which reduces overall risk to the value of one’s self-esteem.

When poor performance is likely to reflect poor ability, a situation of high threat is created to the individual’s intellect. On the other hand, if an excuse allows poor performance to be attributed to a factor unrelated to ability, the threat to self-esteem and one’s intellect is much lower (Thompson, Davidson, & Barber, 1995).

A study was conducted on students involving unsolvable problems to test some assumptions of the self-worth theory regarding motivation and effort. The results showed that there was no evidence of reported reduction of effort despite poorer performance when the tasks were described as moderately difficult as compared with tasks much higher in difficulty.

The possibility was raised that low effort may not be responsible for the poor performance of students in situations which create threats to self-esteem. Two suggestions were made, one being that students might unconsciously withdraw effort, and the other stating that students may reduce effort as a result of withdrawing commitment from the problem. Regardless of which suggestion is true, self-worth theory assumes that individuals have a reduced tendency to take personal responsibility for failure (Thompson, Davidson, & Barber, 1995).

source:

http://changingminds.org/explanations/theories/self-determination.htm

http://www.personalityresearch.org/papers/rabideau.html

Conclusion:

After we learned about Self-Determination and Self-Worth in the classroom and read those articles, we conclude that:

·         We need to build students’ self-determination and self-worth

Self-determination and self-worth are important for students in learning activity. Through self-determination and self-worth, students will have more motivation to learn. Self-determination will improve their extrinsic motivation while self-worth will improve their intrinsic motivation.

·         Teacher should create a good classroom management

Classroom management can be used by the teacher in order to improve students’ self-determination and self-worth. It will become a tool for teacher to make the lesson more meaningful. Time management, sitting position, ground rule, and classroom environment are the parts of classroom management.

·         Teacher’s behavior will impact students’ motivation

Teacher’s behavior in delivering the lesson will impact students’ motivation extrinsically and intrinsically. For example, teacher must give an appropriate feedback for students’ performance. The feedback should increase students’ motivation. Another example is the way that teacher used in giving assignment. Teacher should give a freedom for the students to express their creativity in doing the assignments.

So, the role of teacher is important in increasing students’ motivation in learning process. Motivation also can be built by having a good self-determination and self-worth. Then, the lesson will be more meaningful.

Group 3

– Jonathan Saputra (2009110004)

– Aida Rahmi (2009110014)

– Fitriyani (2009110020)

– Hanna Anggraeni (2009110036)

 
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Posted by on October 4, 2011 in Articles

 

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